The Mayan Chichen Itza Ruin Site in North Central Yucatan is the largest Mayan site in Mexico.
Chichen Itza was built by the Mayan Culture with 9th Century Toltec influence and other architectural influences including the Puuc influence from northern Yucatan
Date: 300 AD-1100 AD
Chichen Itza is Constructed of Quarried stone and stucco
Fee: 50 Pesos $5. USD. Additional fee for non Mexicans, 160 Pesos.
Hours: 8:00- 6:00
Notable Features: The largest ball court in Mesoamerica, the highest Mayan temple in Mexico. Three architectural styles
History of Chichen Itza, Mayan Ruin Site,Yucatan Mexico
Chichen Itza's ballcourt, one of three, shows the clean lines of the Toltec style of Northern Mexico. The large court is the largest ball court in Mesoamerica.
Other temples also have an influence from the north thought to be Toltec.
Chichen Itza's Temple of Kukulcan, dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl is also called El Castillo and rises on 91 steps constructed at a 45 degree angle.
One of the highest structures built by the Yucatan Maya. Four stairways lead to the top. These stairways are now closed to the public after an accidental death in 2006.
The Temple of Kukulcan is considered a stone calendar building. The 91 steps to the top counted four times, once for each side of the pyramid, equals 364. A final step to the platform makes the total 365, the number of days in the solar year.
On the north side stairway an Equinox event is visible in the afternoon of the Spring and Fall Equinox, June 20-21 and September 20-21
Some researchers postulate that the Mayan people were originally Olmec people.
The first leader of the Mayan ruin site of Palenque is believed by some to have been an Olmec.
Chichen Itza shows influences from many cultures; from the Olmecs, of Veracruz State, from the Northern Maya of the Puuc region of Yucatan near Uxmal, and from the Toltecs from north of present day Mexico City.
The architectural style most identifiable to the visitor will be the ornate Puuc style of architecture from the northern Puuc Hills of Yucatan near Uxmal. The other style most common will be the Toltec style from North Central Mexico.
How these different styles came about is still debated by researchers. Some cite warring Toltecs subjugating Chitzen Itza while others claim that the influences came about by cultural diffusion prompted by trade.
Chichen Itza ruin in the Yucatan of Mexico contains buildings similar to the buildings at Palenque
The history of Chichen Itza involves cultural influences that include Olmec, Mayan, and Toltec. The Mayan Ruin Site in Yucatan Mexico shows strong architectural influence from the northern Yucatan Puuc region and from the Toltecs of Central Mexico's Tula.
Reaching Chichen Itza by air bus and high-speed roads Flights from Mexico City reach Merida and Cancun
Chichen Itza is best reached by bus out of Cancun or the City of Merida.
Valladolid is a good base for Chichen Itza trips Chichen Itza Lodging, Valladolid
ADO first class buses serve Merida and Cancun from Mexico City , Oaxaca, Vera Cruz, and other cities.
Chichen Itza ADO
Good, high-speed roads reach Chichen Itza from Cancun and Merida
Bus service from merida or Cancun reaches towns near the site and they reach the entrance to the ruin of Chichen Itza ADO
Chichen Itza history includes a Toltec period and structures with Toltec influence
|Chichen Itza lies about half way between Merida and Cancun (190 miles) and is served by
daily buses from both cities, At about 75 miles
east of Merida, Chichen Itza is an hour and a half trip.
Chichen Itza is served by daily buses
from Valladolid, Merida, and Cancun.
History of Chichen Itza, Mayan Ruin Site,
The Temple of the Warriors, over 30 feet high 130 feet wide, was built in the style of the Toltecs of Central Mexico, similar to 8th Century City of Tula, in Tula Hidalgo.
The building has a Chac-Mool sculpture at the top.
Temple of Kukulcan, dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl, is also called El Castillo. The temple rises on 91 steps constructed at a 45 degree angle. One of the highest structures built by the Yucatan Maya. Four stairways lead to the top, all now closed.
- Chichen Itza Toltec Style
Mayan Puuc style buildings, called the Nunnery Complex, have prominent figures of the Rain God Chaac on the facade. The Mayan Archaeological ruin site in North Central Yucatan had several building stages and includes a 9 Th century AD Toltec influence from Central Mexico and a Puuc style influence from the Northern Yucatan Maya.
History of Chichen Itza Architectural Influences, Yucatan Mexico
Other buildings at Chichen Itza that show Toltec influence from Central Mexic are the Observatory and the Temple of the Warriors..
Chichen Itza Toltec Influence