Provence Wine
Cotes du Rhone Provence Wine Region
Chateauneuf du Pape
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Cote du Rhone wine is more often found as a Châteauneuf du Pape in the red blend although whites are available.
If you are heading north from Avignon, Châteauneuf du Pape will be about 16 km, on the east side of the Rhone before you reach Orange.  Wine tastings are abundant among the 55 vineyards producing wine in the Châteauneuf du Pape area.  
Pape in the name Châteauneuf du Pape refers to the French Popes of the 14 Century who from 1309 to 1378 had their headquarters in Avignon rather than Rome and had summer quarters in Châteauneuf du Pape.   Chateaneuf refers to the chateau or castle of the Popes, now in ruins.
Chateauneuf du Pape and a view of the Rhone wine village below the castle
The Provence Wine Region of Chateauneuf du Pape still produces the famous Cote du Rhone wine but the buildings that once were summer homes to the French Popes were destroyed during World War Two..
Visit the ruins North of Avignon where Chateauneuf du Pape will be on the east side of the Rhone River before you reach Orange.
A vistitor walks beside the ruined castle of the 14th century Popes.  The Rhone River, in the distance in the above photo flows south through a wine region of Provence .
The Provence Wine Region of Chateauneuf du Pape contains clay soils and produces several wines called Cote du Rhone.  
Chateauneuf du Pape is one of the favorites of the Cotes du Rhone wines.   
The Chateauneuf du Pape wine is a blend of as many as thirteen red and white grape varieties including Grenache and Syrah.
The Provence Wine Region of Chateauneuf du Pape is notable for the Cote du Rhone wine, Chateauneuf du Pape, a blend of the Syrah grape indigenous to the region and the Grenache, a Spanish or Sardinian import.
The Provence Wine Region of Chateauneuf du Pape became well know as the summer home of the 14th century Popes who ruled from Avignon.
  • Chateauneuf
A ruined castle, destroyed during WWII is all that remains of the summer home of the 14th century Popes.  
  • Summer Home
Seven French Popes headquartered in Avignon from 1309 to 1378.

  • Vineyards
Several of the Avignon Bishops and Popes owned estate in the area where they produced wine.
The Provence Wine Region of Chateauneuf du Pape is home to 55 tasting cellars
The Provence Wine Region of Chateauneuf du Pape offers wine cellars and tasting tours and a wine museum displaying wine making tools dating to the 16th Century.
The Cotes du Rhone Provence Wine Region includes Chateauneuf du Pape, a region on the banks of the Rhone River where wine of the same name was made famous by activities of  the 14th Century French Popes.
  • Northern Rhone, Southern Rhone Wines
The Côtes du Rhône Wine Region of which Chateauneuf du Pape is a small section in the south, stretches from Lyon in the north to below Avignon in the south.  The Rhone valley ends at the Rhone River Delta and the Mediterranean Sea.
The northern section of Cotes du Rhone includes Vienne on the west side of the Rhone River south of Lyon to Valence north of Montelimar.
The southern portion of Côtes du Rhône includes Montelimar to just below Avignon and includes Chateauneuf du Pape, 16 km north of Avignon.
The southern portion of Cotes du Rhone extends deeply into Provence to the east along the Durance River.
The Rhone River valley was one of the earliest wine regions in France and it was the Romans who established the area as a wine region.  They used the river to ship wine and grains south to the seaports as they established provincial centers in Arles, Avignon, St Remy, Orange, and Nimes.
Côte Rôtie
, (Roasted Coast)  is a Northern Rhone wine, a blend of syrah and Voignier, that was one of the earliest Cote du Rhone wines.  This wine of the Northern Rhone, south of Lyon  was exported by the Romans who found the indigenous people using the Syrah grape, a red variety indigenous to the region, when they arrived in 300 BC.
The Voignier, a white grape, is an ancient import to the region.  
  • Côtes du Rhône Wine
The Cotes du Rhone Wine, (Coast of the Rhone) Chateauneuf du Pape is a blended wine and can include 13 grape varieties, Grenache Noir being one of the more predominant.  The Grenache vine is thought to have originated in Spain or Sardinia but now is the fourth most popular vine grown in France.  The Grenache vine is wind tolerant and this is important along the Rhone Valley and Provence where the Mistral winds can be heavy and constant in winter.
Another grape of the blend, the Syrah, is an indigenous vine grown in Roman times.  
One other grape often in the blend is Mourvèdre, an ancient vine that goes back to Phoenician times and came to France through Spain.
The Cotes du Rhone  Wine Region includes Chateauneuf du Pape in Provence, a region on the banks of the Rhone River which lends its name to a wine made famous by the activities of 14th Century French Popes.
Additional Wine Information
http://www.terroir-france.com/wine/cdr_info.htm
Provence Wine
Chateauneuf du Pape

Coast of the Rhone,
Cote du Rhone
Chateauneuf du Pape in Provence  offers wine tasting in the village
Provence Wine Region Chateauneuf du Pape, Côtes du Rhône Provence
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