Izapa Olmec Mayan Ruin Site, Group A and B, Chiapas, Mexico Chiapas State, Mexico
Izapa Ruin Site is about 6 miles from the first class bus station where ADO and Tica Buses operate. Reach the ruin by road to the Talisman border crossing or collective vans headed to Talisman. The vans pass just in front of the terminal first class bus terminal.
Izapa Ruin Site Group A and B has mounds and a ball court as yet excavated or stabilized. Of interest are the many standing stones, some with carvings, others having cylindrical shapes and being capped by a round stone the same diameter as the cylinder.
Izapa Tapachula Chiapas was a ritual center with Olmec influence early in its development. Building stages spanned 850BC to 300 BC. City apex 600 BC to 100 AD. A Mayan influence is seen in many of the 90 stone glyphs found at the site.
Izapa Ruin site, is an abandoned stone city or ceremonial complex built by the local settlers starting approximately 1500 BC and influenced by the Olmec culture through trade and migration and later by the Maya Culture.
The area is rich in agricultural products including cacao, the bean the produced chocolate.
The city reached a high point in development and population between 900 BC to 300 BC.
Some archaeologist believe that the production of chocolate made Izapa a desirable location for trade and subjugation. Mayan, Toltec, and Aztec influence is also found at Izapa.
Izapa was a tribute paying territory of the Aztec Empire
Izapa was the center of a large culture settled along the coastal plain and river delta near what is the current border with Guatemala and the present day city of Tapachula in Chiapas State, Mexico.
Izapa's cylindrical columns share the plaza in front of the large pyramid with other carved stelae that have a flat round stone in front of them, some with carved legs that resemble large metate.
Four of these cylinder shaped stones, three with caps, are set at the base of a large unrestored pyramidal platform at Group B and are aligned to the cardinal points, one at each point, with a longer north south axis.
The New World Archeology Foundation has conducted extensive studies at Izapa, primarily because a carved stone discovered and designated stelae 5 by Mathew Sterling in a 1940s dig reportedly shows a depiction of the tree of life and is offered by the NWAF, a Mormon Group, as a validation of the Book of Mormon.
The Book of Mormon chronicles the arrival to the New World two tribes from Israel that took up residence in Mexico and conducted protracted wars against one another.
Other investigators cite the depiction of a boat and the eastern (Asian) trappings as proof of a connection by sea to Near Eastern or Asian seafarers. (Egyptians)
Stelae 5 is located in Group A but is very hard to read at this time because it has been subjected to weathering over many years.
Stelae Five digitally sharpened
Stelae Five, Izapa Group A
Izapa has been studied first by Mathew Sterling who unearthed stelae Five, an important carving that some say depicts the tree of life.
The New World Archeology Foundation later conducted extensive studies at Izapa
The site was once an important Olmec political and religious center founded as early as 1500 BC. Olmec artifacts have been brought from the site to the Tapachula museum. The Olmec art and architectural style eventually spread to much of Mesoamerica.
The three sites open today for visits are small remnants of a huge sprawling city that developed its own unique style of art after the Olmec influence ended at about 200 AD. Mayan artistic themes are found on the many carved standing stones. The nearby museum in the city of Tapachula houses many artifacts from Izapa.
Izapa Ruin Site History, Chiapas, Mexico
Izapa Olmec/Mayan Ruin Site, Group A and B, in Chiapas, Mexico displays mounds and a ball court as yet excavated or stabilized.
Of interest are the many standing stones with carvings and others cylindrical capped by a round stone.
Izapa Olmec, Mayan, Soconusco Culture Ruin Site, Chiapas
Izapa Ruin Site, Group A and B, in Chiapas, Mexico displays standing stones with carvings and others cylindrical capped by a round stone.
Thirty five altars have been found at Izapa, many with carving still in good condition.
Izapa has been cited by some researchers as the place where the 260-day ritual calendar of Mesoamerica was first developed. This belief is based on the interval between the two zenith days at Izapa.
Most notable in this regard are studies by Geographer Vincent H. Malstrom