Mayan Ruin Sites, Chiapas: Palenque, Bonampak, Yaxchilan, Izapa, Chiapas, Mexico
Views of Palenque's temples from the Temple of the Cross
Palenque Ruin Site, can be reached by collective taxi from the nearby City of Palenque. Cabs make frequent runs and pick up passengers along the way. The sculpture called the Cabeza Maya is a handy place to wait for a cab. Cabs run to the falls at Agua Azule and to the Bonampak Ruin Site and the Frontera (Frontier) for boat trips on the Usumacinta River and the Ruin of Yaxchilan.
Palenque, meaning fortification or stockade, is an abandoned stone city built by the Mayans between the 5th and 9th centuries AD near the Usumacinta River in Mexico's southern most state of Chiapas.
Palenque was once an important Mayan political center, the Mayan rulers abandoned the city around 900 AD.
The small City of Palenque (85,000) occupies a hillside 8 miles from the site where ADO bus service is available as is other service and tours to nearby sites such as Bonampak and Yaxchilan.
Tours also leave the area for the cascades of Agua Azule and for the Ruin Site of Tonina and for San Cristobal de las Casas.
Palenque's Temple of the Inscriptions above the tomb of the Emperor Pacal, ruler from 615 AD to 683 AD
Temple of the Cross
Friar Diego de Landa (1524-1579) described the city in 1567 in a book that is available at Palenque's museum bookstore: "Yucatan Before And After The Conquest. "
Occupied from 100 AD, the site's Classic Period buildings that still stand, took shape between 600 AD and 900 AD.
Legend and stone inscription suggest that the first inhabitants were Olmec people The Palenque Museum at the site displays artifacts that show Olmec influence.
Palenque View of the Palace
Palenque's most notable leader was 7 Th Century king or emperor Pacal who ruled from 615 to 683 AD. He built the so-called Temple of the Inscriptions dedicated in 692 atop the pyramid enclosing his tomb.
After the decline of the center the area farmers continued to live in the valley below the city but according to reports the area was nearly deserted when the Spanish arrived in 1520.
American travel writer John Lloyd Stephens and English artist Frederick Catherwood made trips to the area in 1839 and 1842, documenting the sites with text and drawings in their publication, "Incidents of Travel In The Yucatan" published in 1843.
Controlled archaeology commenced at Palenque with a Tulane University expedition headed by Franz Blom in 1923.
Later Mexican researchers headed by Albert Ruiz Lhuillier, working from 1949 to 1952, discovered the tomb of Pacal at the ground level within the pyramidal platform supporting the Temple of the Inscriptions. Scientific work continues within the site which is presently 10% excavated and stabilized.
Palenque Temple of the Inscriptions, Above.: Albert Ruiz Lhuillier, working from 1949 to 1952, discovered the tomb of Pacal at the ground level within the platform supporting the Temple of the Inscriptions.
Palenque's Temple of the Cross
Palenque's Temple of the Sun
Tonina can be reached from Ocosingo ADO bus stop
service/collective taxi from Yaxchilan reached by van Palenque and then by boat from Frontera
Palenque Tomb of Emperor Pacal, ruler from 615 AD to 683 AD
Bus: ADO Station in town
Camping: Maya Bell RV and Camping Park Phone: 011-52- 916-345-0798
Carved stones are placed throughout the Bonampak Ruin site, several on the Acropolis and others on the main plaza. still cover by the thick jungle along the Frontera and the watershed of the Usumacinta River.
Chiapas Ruin Site, Bonampak
Izapa Ruin Site Chiapas State, Mexico, Olmec and Maya Influence
Izapa Ruin Site view of the entrance to the complex (right) called group F, first settled in 1200 BC
Izapa Chiapas Tapachula; an ancient city with Olmec influence that was at its height from 600 BC to 100 AD
Izapa Ruin Site, is an abandoned stone city built by the local settlers starting in 1200 BC. The settlement was influenced by the Olmec culture through trade and migration from 900 BC to 100 AD.. A later Mayan influence is seen in the standing stones. The city reached a high point between 600 BC to 100 AD.
Izapa was the center of a large culture settled along the coastal plain and river delta near what is the current border with Guatemala and the present day city of Tapachula in Chiapas State, Mexico.
Bonampak Murals: some researchers believe that the murals commemorate a battle and the subjugation of a neighboring city.
Bonampak, an ancient Mayan city, noted for its murals was at its height from 600AD to 1000 AD.
Bonampak is noted for its mural wall paintings in vivid colors depicting events before and after a battle. The ancient Maya City is also noted for having the largest Stela in Mexico, Bonampak can be reached in about three hours via collective taxi or tour van out of the town of Palenque.
Mayan Ruin Sites in Chiapas are many. The most visited are Palenque, Bonampak, Yaxchilan, Tonina, and Izapa.
Mayan Ruin Sites in Chiapas are many. This map shows the most frequently visited: Palenque, Bonampak, Yaxchilan, and Tonina. Izapa, not on the map, is a coastal site of the Soconusco Culture with Olmec influences.
Palenque Bus Travel
Palenque Ruin Site
Palenque Area Ruin Sites
Bonampak Ruin Site
Index Mexico Ruin Sites
Maya Ruin Sites
Yaxchilan Ruin Site
Palenque Area Ruins Tour
Palenque Lodging, Hotels