At San Lorenzo, excavators found ten Colossal heads sculpted from blocks of basalt weighing as much as 20 tons. The stone had been hauled 60 miles from the Tuxtla mountains to the site which at the time was an Island in the Coatzacoalcos River. Head # 1 of 17 so far found is at the Museum of Anthropology in Jalapa, the capital of Veracruz State.
The Olmec Heads:
The Olmec Culture built their first settlements.in the basin of the Coatzacoalcos River in Veracruz State and at La Venta in Tabasco State
San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan in Veracruz State was home to the Olmecs from 1600 BC to 400BC. There they built a complex of artificial plateaus. The heads found at San Lorenzo were removed and placed in the Jalapa Museum to protect them.
Heads found at the ruin site of La Venta were moved to the La Venta Museum in Villahermosa Tabasco State.
Olmec Heads, Jalapa Museum,Veracruz and La Venta Museum, Tabasco
Olmec Head # 10 sculpted from a block of basalt brought 60 miles from the Tuxtla Mountains is now in the museum at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Veracruz State, Mexico the area where it was first discovered.
The Olmec settlement on the site was active from 1600 BC to 300 BC and at its height 1200 BC to 900 BC on the Coatzacoalcos River drainage system. The ruin site was first excavated by Archaeologist Mathew Stirling in 1941 and later by Archaeologists Michael Coe and Richard Diehl in 1967,
Olmec sculpture, Head Number 1, from San Lorenzo at the Jalapa Museum of Anthropology in Vera Cruz
Reaching San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan and the Olmec Homeland:
Bus out of Mexico City Terminal Norte for Veracruz. From Veracruz head to Coatzacoalcos or Minatitlan south east of Catemaco. Then head by local bus to Acayucan where you get a collective taxi for the ten miles to the small farming village of San Lorenzo. (San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan. On some maps just Tenochtitlan)
From Oaxaca , ADO first Class bus to Acayucan, Coatzacoalcos or Minatitlan. Bus to Acayucan, taxi to San Lorenzo
One head remains at the ruin site of San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Head 10
Jalapa Museum was established partly to house the Olmec artifacts removed for safety from the Olmec ruin site of San Lorenzo in Veracruz State.
The first Olmec Head was found at the olmec settlement of Tres Zapotes, During a 1939 excavation archaeologist Mathew Sterling also discovered a stela bearing a long count date of 32 BC which employed the use of the zero..
The early excavations by Archaeologist Mathew Stirling in 1941 revealed the Olmec settlements of San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan on the Coatzacoalcos River drainage system and the ruin site of La Venta near the Gulf Coast. These sites along with Tres Zapotes have yielded 17 heads.
At San Lorenzo, excavators found ten Colossal heads
Reaching Veracruz Jalapa Museum Olmec Heads
ADO first Class Bus out of Mexico City Tapo or Terminal Norte for Veracruz. Directly to Jalapa (Xalapa) or to Veracruz City and then to Jalapa
ADO from Oaxaca City to Veracruz. Taxi or public bus to Jalapa Museum of Anthropology Avenida Jalapa
Hours: Open Tuesday -Sunday 9-5 Closed Monday and holidays
Reaching La Venta Museum in Villahermosa, Tabasco State
ADO first Class Bus out of Mexico City Tapo or Terminal Norte for Veracruz. to Villahermosa. Taxi to La Venta Park
Olmec Heads in Veracruz at the Jalapa Museum were found at the ancient settlement of San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Veracruz. The heads found at San Lorenzo were removed and placed in the Jalapa Museums to protect them.
Olmec Heads, Jalapa Museum Veracruz, Mexico, Head 4 San Lorenzo
Olmec Head, 10, San Lorenzo Museum, Veracruz
Head 8, Jalapa Museum