Paquime Ruin Site, Chihuahua, Casas Grandes Mexico
Paquime Ruin Site, Chihuahua is commonly called Casas Grandes and is located 150 miles north of the City of Chihuahua. The 10th Century settlement of Paquime on the trade routes was influenced by northern and southern cultures.
Paquime is also called Casas Grandes which is also the name of the nearby town. The spanish colonist gave the settlement the name after the large houses they found
Casas Grandes (Great Houses) is located 35 miles south of Janos and 150 northwest of Chihuahua. First class buses stop at Nuevo Casas Grandes and from there you can take a 70 pesos cab ride to Viejo Casas Grandes where the ruin and museum is located. Local bus service also makes the trip.
Pequime was built beginning around 1130 AD and enlarged in the 14th Century by the Mogollon Culture according to some researchers. The settlement had ties to the Arizona Hohokam Culture and the Anasazi Culture of Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Colorado.
In the mid 1300s Paquime consisted of multi-story dwelling of adobe and stone, primarily sun baked adobe, hand applied. The influence from Mesoamerica to the south is evident in the pottery and in the vestiges of the I-shaped Mesoamerican ball court.
Paquime manufactured ceramic trade goods that shipped to the southwestern United States as far north as Colorado. They also manufactured copper bells and shell trade goods.
Paquime had extensive reservoir systems for water storage and delivery still evident on the surface and sewer systems. Researchers estimate that 2500 people once lived at Pequime. The settlement was abandoned in the early 1400s with evidence of conflict resulting in the abandonment.
Paquime Ruin Site, Chihuahua State is commonly called Casas Grandes. The ruin is located 150 miles north of the City of Chihuahua. Pottery was traded from the 10th Century settlement of Paquime on the trade routes to the north and south.
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