British garrison and cannon site, you can still see where Redcoat musket practice has left deep pock marks on several Colonial headstones. From this high ground, the British fired flaming cannonballs towards Charlestown, setting the homes afire during the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Follow the path of those cannonballs across the Charles River to the granite obelisk atop Bunker Hill. At the crest of this hill on the night of June 16, 1775, two months after the battle at Concord, the Minutemen secretly dug an earthen fort. The following day, in an afternoon battle, they inflicted devastating casualties on what was at the time the best-trained and best-equipped army in the world. Although the 2,000 British soldiers eventually took the hill, the Patriots put half the attackers out of action. While suffering only 400 casualties themselves, the Rebels caused British General Gage to privately lament, "The loss we have sustained is greater than we can bear."
At the base of Bunker Hill, the Charlestown Navy Yard berths the oldest active commissioned warship in the world, the USS Constitution. During a sea battle in the War of 1812, the square-rigger, built in 1797, took on the name "Old Ironsides" when astounded British gunners saw their cannonballs bouncing off the thick planks of Georgia Live Oak that lined the hull.
Back to Boston on the trail, nearing your sixth mile, the last and most poignant stop should be the Granary Burial Ground, final resting place of Samuel Adams, Robert Treat Paine and John Hancock, three Boston Patriots who signed the Declaration of Independence. Sharing the burial ground are five victims of the Boston Massacre, including Crispus Attucks, the first black man killed in the Revolution.
After a day on the trail you are sure to be hungry. Near the Old State House you can find gourmet eats with an incredible harbor view from the 33rd floor of 60 State Street at The Bay Tower Restaurant, consistently rated tops in romantic dining.
In Chinatown, near the Theater District, crowded local favorite China Pearl offers dim sum, or take in sophisticated Chinese-American at P. F. Chang's China Bistro. Nearby, go elegant at the Four Seasons Hotel's Aujourd'Hui or their Bristol Lounge serving French and American cuisine along with their popular afternoon English tea.
Walking Boston, Freedom Trail History and Walk of the Artists
automobile and walk the cobble streets in the footsteps of Paul Revere, John Hancock and Samuel Adams. In Boston you walk paths through neighborhoods that saw rebellion and revolution forge the nation's first heroes during America's struggle for freedom.
With two walks you can cover the city: walk east and trace the footsteps of famous patriots; walk west and follow the paths of famous artists.
Boston Walk #1: The Footsteps of Famous Patriots
For convenience, start in Boston Common, the country's oldest public park where Colonial cows once munched community grass. Here, you can follow costumed actor Don Watson as he talks about Puritan Boston. "If a man kissed his wife in public on Sunday, he would be put in the stocks right here on the Common." John says as he plays the part of Patriot James Otis and guides visitors on the three-mile Freedom Trail to 11 places significant in Boston's history.
England's tax on tea. Fired up by oratory and feeling the spunk of rebellion, 168 men in Native American garb stormed down to the docks and boarded three English cargo ships loaded with tea. Determined to prevent the cargo from entering the port, the rebels smashed open 342 chests of tea and hurled it into the salty waters of Boston Harbor.
Hardly amused at the loss of what would today be over a million dollars worth of tea, the British blockaded the harbor, forbade public gatherings and sent an army to occupy the city.
From the Meeting House, the trail leads past the Old State House, skirts the circle of cobblestones where five men fell in "The Boston Massacre" and then winds down the hill to Faneuil Hall, the "Cradle of American Liberty." Here, in this public meeting house built in 1742, leaders Hancock, Adams, Paine and Revere stoked the fires of independence with their oratory in cries of "Taxation without representation is tyranny."
Today, park rangers recite the words of the patriots, "The child liberty was events leading up to the American Revolution in free hourly presentations.
From Faneuil Hall, the Freedom Trail continues to the North End and the oldest house in Boston, the 1680 home of Paul Revere. The aroma of coffee and freshly baked breads from the 80 or so restaurants and pastry shops in this lively Italian community might coax you to stop for cappuccino and cannolis at Mike's Bakery on Hanover Street. Or try a lunch of salmon piccata at intimate G'vanni's on Prince Street.
Boston Public Garden
Walking Boston is even has completed its long is even Walking building project and is now building project and is now better than ever as a walking city
The highway that once cut through the city has been put beneath the surface and the freed up space is being converted to park space.
Near this spot on the harbor colonial men in Native American garb stormed down to the docks and boarded three English cargo ships loaded with tea. Determined to prevent the cargo from entering the port, the rebels smashed open 342 chests of precious Darjeeling and hurled it into the salty waters of Boston Harbor
On the night of April 18, 1775, Robert Newman crept up the stairs in the Old North church to hang two lanterns in the steeple, a signal that 700 British soldiers were about to escalate the tension with the Colonists. The British boarded barges and headed up-river for the road to Lexington and Concord, intent on seizing muskets hidden by the Minutemen. Paul Revere, sent by the Governor to warn the Colonial militia, galloped toward Lexington spreading the alarm. Later that day, a fierce battle sent the 700 British troops scurrying in panic back to the safety of Boston, attacked from all sides by 1,400 swarming Minutemen who had rushed in from distant settlements.
Harbor Islands and the distant beaches of Provincetown
Oyster House raw bar, just three feet from the Freedom Trail. This is where, according to legend, Daniel Webster often downed mounds of Wellfleet Oysters on the half shell.
Walking Boston, History
To Walk Boston's Freedom Trail of History and the Walk of the Artists one doesn't need the automobile. Boston is a city for walking. Walk the cobble streets in the footsteps of Paul Revere, John Hancock, and Samuel Adams on paths that saw the revolution.
To Walk Boston's Freedom Trail of History Walk from Boston Common to the Harbor above and then to North End. Boston is a small city and ideal for walking. In the North End you walk the cobble as the planned the revolution against unfair taxes imposed by Britain.
Walk Boston will take you to Faneuil Hall and to Columbus Park as you follow the Freedom Trail.
Walk Boston will take you through Faneuil Hall Market Place and then to the North End to the Old North Church as you follow the Freedom Trail.
Walk the waterfront trail to the Museum of Contemporary Art.