The ruin site of San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan is ten miles by collective taxi or auto from Acayucan, south of Veracruz. There is small museum with stone artifacts and one large head. Otherwise the Olmec settlement is not visible except for a mound near the museum with a modern water tower built at the top.
Location: 19*26.60' N, 99*5.60' W Near Coatzacoalcos and Acayucan
The Culture we now call Olmec built a settlement that spreads over three small villages along the river estuary and totals 1200 acres
The Olmec occupied the area from 1500 to 400 BC with a Peak occupation between 1200BC to 900BC
The museum is worth the visit for devotees of the Olmec.
Olmec San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Veracruz, Mexico
San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan was first excavated by Archaeologist Mathew Stirling in 1941 and later by Archaeologists Michael Coe and Richard Diehl in 1967.
The site as mapped by the Coe expedition shows artificial enlargement of plateaus to 150 feet in height on which the Olmecs built their settlement on what was once an island within the Coatzacoalcos River drainage system.
At the small museum remnants of an extensive system of basalt tiles have been proposed as aqueducts for carrying potable water, or as a drainage system.
At San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan excavators found ten of the existing 17 Colossal heads that have become a trademark of the Olmec culture. Many of the heads were sculpted from 20- ton blocks of basalt that had been hauled 60 miles from the Tuxtla mountains to the site on rafts to the settlement which at the time was an Island in the Coatzacoalcos River.
Head number one of the 17 so far found and numbered in the order of discovery is at the Museum of Anthropology in Xalapa, (Jalapa) the capitol of Veracruz State.
The small museum at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan has a collection of stone artifacts that includes a group of unusual black stones with holes that some propose as fishing net weights but the significance has puzzled researcher and visitor alike. One theory proposed is that they are iron ore devices used to generate sound.
Sculptures found at the San Lorenzo and La Venta sites have been moved to the La Venta Museum in Villa hermosa and the Museum of Anthropology in Xalapa.
San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan
offers a ruin site and an Olmec Museum
Olmec Head, San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan,Olmec Museum
Olmec Settlement, San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Early Olmec Homeland
Archaeologists Michael Coe and Richard Diehl excavated at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan from 1966 to 1968.
Later excavations have built upon their work and propose the site first occupied in 1,200 BC and spread over what is today three small farming villages, as the oldest organized settlement of an advanced culture in Mesoamerica.
Archaeological features at the site of the ancient Olmec settlement are not evident now. The museum, however, is worth the visit for devotees of the Olmec.
Researchers and local farmers still occasionally find unusual stone objects at the site.
The early settlers constructed artificial earthen plateaus and mounds according to the work of archaeologists Michael Coe and Richard Diehl.
The estimated Population was 15,000
The Museum has a single stone Olmec sculptured head and many other sculptures in the building and on the grounds.
Hours: Museum 8:AM to 3: PM
Olmec sculptures were moved from the La Venta site to the La Venta Museum
Sculptured Olmec Heads found at the San Lorenzo have been moved to the Museum of Anthropology in Xalapa. (Jalapa, Veracruz State)
Ancient Olmec sculpture, The San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan Museum.
Sculptured Olmec Heads at the Museum of Anthropology in Xalapa.
Reaching San Lorenzo and the Olmec Homeland:
Bus out of Mexico City Tapo or Norte Terminal for Veracruz. From Veracruz head to Coatzacoalcos or Minatitlan south east of Catemaco. Then head by local bus to Acayucan where you get a collective taxi for the ten miles to the small farming village of San Lorenzo. (San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan. On some maps just Tenochtitlan)
From Oaxaca , ADO first Class bus to Acayucan, Coatzacoalcos or Minatitlan. Bus to Acayucan, taxi to San Lorenzo..
Have lots of small change for water and taxis, cash is scarce in remote areas.
Olmec Art located in Jalapa Museum Veracruz
Olmec San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan Veracruz, Mexico is the ruin site of San Lorenzo, an Olmec Homeland.
Olmec San Lorenzo is ten miles by collective taxi or auto from Acayucan, south of Veracruz. There is small museum with stone artifacts and one large head.