Xalapa Museum of Anthropology, Olmec Heads Veracruz State, Mexico Jalapa
Xalapa Museum Of Anthropology
The museum in Xalapa the Capital of Veracruz State Mexico (Alternately called Jalapa) was established partly to house the Olmec artifacts removed for safety from the Olmec site of San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan where farming and development threatened the stone sculptures.
Many sculptures threatened by oil exploration at the Olmec site of La Venta went to the La Venta Museum in Villahermosa
Mexico City's Terminal Norte and Terminal Tapa
From Oaxaca, ADO runs service regularly usually through Veracruz City
Xalapa (Jalapa) Museum, Getting There
ADO runs service to Jalapa from the first class Vera Cruz Station One hour forty minutes.
The early excavations by Archaeologist Mathew Stirling in 1941 revealed the Olmec settlements of San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan on the Coatzacoalcos River drainage system and La Venta near the Gulf coast. These sites along with Tres Zapotes have yielded 17 heads.
The first Olmec Head was found at Tres Zapotes, During a 1939 excavation by archaeologist Mathew Sterling who also discovered a stela bearing a long count date of 32 BC.
San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan is a village in the basin of the Coatzacoalcos River where the Olmecs built their first settlements.
One of three villages with Olmec sites, San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan was home to the Olmecs from 1200 BC to 900BC. There they built a complex of artificial plateaus above the river. During Archaeological projects in the 1940s, ten heads were discovered.
At San Lorenzo, excavators found ten Colossal heads sculpted from 20- ton blocks of basalt that had been hauled 60 miles from the Tuxtla mountains to the site which at the time was an Island in the Coatzacoalcos River.
Head # 1 of the 17 so far found is at the Museum of Anthropology in Xalapa, (Jalapa) the capitol of Veracruz State.
Olmec Head One, Found at San Lorenzo
Olmec Head Four found at San Lorenzo
Reaching Veracruz Xalapa Museum of Anthropology Olmec Heads
ADO first Class Bus out of Mexico City Terminal Norte for Veracruz. Directly to Jalapa (Xalapa) or to Veracruz City and then to Jalapa
ADO from Oaxaca City to Veracruz. Taxi or public bus to Jalapa Museum of Anthropology Avenida Xalapa
Hours: Open Tuesday -Sunday 9-5 Closed Monday and holidays
Xalapa Museum of Anthropology Veracruz displays Olmec Heads.
These Olmec culture sculptures were removed for safety from the Olmec site San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan where farming threatened the stone sculptures.